There are a few kinds of diabetes, namely, type I, type II and gestational diabetes. (2) These kinds of diabetes differ in the treatment required and how they were caused though their symptoms are rather similar.
Table of Contents
- 1 What are the symptoms of diabetes – Type I
- 2 What are the symptoms of diabetes – Type II
- 3 What are the symptoms of diabetes – Gestational
- 4 The facts you should be aware of
- 5 The development of diabetes type 2 is a mix of numerous genetic and lifestyle factors
- 6 What is diabetic neuropathy?
- 7 What are the symptoms of Diabetes – Neuropathy
- 8 What are the symptoms of Diabetes in women
- 9 Tips for Managing Your Diabetes
- 10 Make the decision to live a diabetes-free life
What are the symptoms of diabetes – Type I
Type I diabetes happens when the pancreas fails to produce sufficient insulin to metabolize glucose in the blood. It is normally diagnosed during childhood or early adulthood. It is primarily treated by injecting insulin into the body via injection.
What are the symptoms of diabetes – Type II
Type II diabetes come about when the body builds up a resistance to Insulin, a hormone used to metabolize glucose in the body and acts as a limiter to prevent the blood sugar in the body from either being too high or too low. This results in the body not being able to make use of the insulin in the body to metabolize glucose in the bloodstream. It can be treated by modifying one’s diet, doing regular exercise and through oral medication.
What are the symptoms of diabetes – Gestational
Gestational diabetes on the other hand, is a frequent pregnancy complication normally diagnosed during the 24th week of pregnancy. (1) It is caused by the inability of the pancreas to increase insulin production to provide enough for both mother and child or the temporary resistance built up by the body to insulin. Fortunately this condition is normally resolved once the mother has given birth. Treatment for this form of diabetes normally includes a combination of diet modification, changes to the amount of physical activity engaged in, regular monitoring of blood glucose levels, oral medication and regular insulin injections.
The facts you should be aware of
Diabetes type 2, or diabetes mellitus type 2, is the most common diabetes condition, affecting 90-95% of all diabetes patients. It is a metabolic disorder with hyperglycemia (or high blood sugar) as its main characteristics, due to the relative lack of insulin. Unlike diabetes mellitus type 1, where there is an absolute lack of insulin, type 2 diabetes can be managed with a proper diet and exercise plan.
The development of diabetes type 2 is a mix of numerous genetic and lifestyle factors
People who are overweight or obese are at greater risk of developing diabetes type 2 at some point in their lifetime. (3) This is usually connected to (but not necessarily) with lack of physical activity, unhealthy diet and stress. Genetics plays important part in estimating the risk of developing diabetes type 2, with more than 36 genes proven to contribute to this risk.
What is diabetic neuropathy?
Diabetic neuropathy is a medical condition which can occur in both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes patients. While diabetes type 2 is more common, and often considered a less dangerous form of diabetes, patients are equally predisposed to have this dangerous complication. (5) Neuropathy occurs in almost 70% of people with diabetes, and it can affect any part of the body – the heart, the lungs, the eyes, or the extremities.
The peripheral neuropathy is the most common among diabetics, usually starting from the feet and then spreading to the ankles and the legs. Peripheral neuropathy can have serious complications for the individual’s health, leading to infections and even amputations. Around half of the patients with amputated extremity do not survive the five year mark.
What are the symptoms of Diabetes – Neuropathy
Neuropathy is diagnosed by different tests. (2) However, if you recognize one or more of the following symptoms applying to you, contact your physician as soon as possible:
- Tingling feeling in the feet
- Feeling ‘pins and needles’ in the feet
- Burning sensation or shooting pain in the extremities
- Feeling of numbness in the feet
- No sensation in the feet while walking
- Open sores that heal very slowly
What are the symptoms of Diabetes in women
- decreased sensation or feeling in your hands or feet (3)
- areas of your body where the skin creases may become dark and patchy
- increased irritability
- urinating more frequently
- feeling igued
- blurry vision
- wounds that heal slowly
- skin that becomes infected
- increased thirst and hunger
- weight gain or loss that has no obvious cause
- breath that has a sweet, fruity, or acetone odor
Tips for Managing Your Diabetes
- Be consistent in taking your medication therapy – you may feel fine, but it does not mean that your blood glucose levels are normal. Apart for the dangerous diabetic neuropathy, diabetes can have hazardous impact on your heart, blood vessels and more. Do not forget to take your medication or insulin therapy as instructed by your physician. If you are feeling any side effects, you should see your doctor.
- Get your medical team – apart from your primary-care physician, you should turn to a team of specialists that can help you manage and treat your condition better: an endocrinologist, a dietitian, an ophthalmologist, a podiatrist and a dentist.
- Regular monitoring of your blood glucose levels – regular means one or a few times each day. Not only food and stress, even your daily routines can affect your readings. If you do not monitor your condition regularly you might not find out if you are doing well or your diabetes is spiraling out of control.
- A food diary–keep detailed records of your eating habits. With time, you will begin to realize how different types of food affect your condition. Identifying these patterns, you can stop making poor choices in your diet, and stick with the foods that are good for you.
- No smoking – smoking can increase the risk for all the complications that diabetes brings; stop smoking before it’s too late.
- Foot care – keep your feet clean and dry, to avoid neuropathy. Do not use hot water and keep an eye on blisters, bruising or swelling. If you notice any problems, contact your podiatrist immediately.
It is never too late to start taking control of your condition. (3) Diabetes may be life-long, but it is a treatable condition. If you are struggling with keeping the blood glucose levels to normal with the traditional therapy, you may want to try hypnotherapy, proven to help the treatment of diabetes type 2. There is always a way to gain your life back.
Make the decision to live a diabetes-free life
However, despite the numerous of possible complications that can occur during and post-surgery, in order to be able to live a life free from medication, patients have to undergo a drastic lifestyle change that will include a proper diet and a regular amount of daily exercise. Stress is also to be avoided as much as possible since it plays an important role in treating this condition. Managing diabetes is possible, but it is up to you to take the necessary control of your life and start living a more healthy and fulfilled life.
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- What are the Signs of Diabetes in Women?